ZAGA Zygomatic Implants
Extra-sinus/extra-maxillary techniques
1993
Publication, 10 years of experience

After 10 years of experience with the original technique following their initial publication, for the first time, Dr. Aparicio and his group released and published several papers in top international academic journals in 2005 and 2006. These papers explained their new extra-sinus (or extra-maxillary) technique for placing zygomatic implants through the exterior maxillary lateral wall, avoiding the opening through the palate, as proposed by the original technique. The objective of the extra-sinus technique was to avoid two disadvantages of the original method: sinus complications and bulky prostheses. Furthermore, during this time, the concept of “immediate loading” was introduced, a concept that was taken from regular implants and applied to zygomatic implants. The first prosthesis could now be fixed and placed on the implant within 24 hours after the procedure. The protocols for the immediate loading of regular implants were established in 2002, after the first International Consensus of Immediate Loading, organized by Drs. Lars Sennerby, Bo Rangert and Carlos Aparicio.

In 2008 and 2009, Dr. Aparicio and his group published further results three years after their new extra-maxillary technique was introduced, noting that this method of placing zygomatic implants effectively reduced oro-antral communication-related sinus infections. They also noted that this technique improved the prostheses, a result that would later be confirmed by other authors such as Migliorança R.M., Malo P. and Corvello P.C. on the external immediate loading technique. However, Aparicio and his group also observed a new complication derived from the systematic application of the same technique on all patients: gum recession and the exposure of the zygomatic implant, creating a potential for bacterial infections.